Lo! some we loved, the loveliest and best
That Time and Fate of all their Vintage prest,
Have drunk their Cup a Round or two before,
And one by one crept silently to Rest.


Bukhara one of the most an­cient cities of the East is situated in one of oases of the Kizilkum desert. The city has had several names at different times: Numiskat Madaniat - Fakhira, Vikhara (trans­lated from Sanskrit - monastery). First written references relate to the 3-rd century B.C. In the IX-th cen­tury Bukhara became the centre of the powerful Samanid state.

At that time the trades and profes­sions developed, the irrigation ca­nals were constructed. The famous doctor and philosopher Avicenna spent his childhood here, and poet Rudaki composed his verses he­re and historian and poet Firdousi lived here, too. The Bukhara library was glorified. In the Middle Ages Bukhara became one of the reli­gious centers of Asia: numerous mosques and madrassah (spiritual schools) were constructed.

In XVI century Bukhara be­came the centre of the powerful Bukhara Khanate which existed till the beginning of the XX-th century.

Modern Bukhara is the centre of a large district in Uzbekistan. The city has a population of 200 000 peoples.

Bukhara people carefully pre­serve the history of their native ci­ty and strive to promote tourism throughout the world.


Among 140 maintained monu­ments the most interesting are the following:

Ark Fortress (VI-XIX) -the most ancient of the maintained monuments. Built on the place of a more ancient fortress, Ark was re­constructed several times and ser­ved as the residence of the Bukharian Emirs. Fortress covers an area of about 35 000 sq. m. Mint and jeweler workshop, Vasir's office (premieres of the minister), prison, warehouses, small mosque; harem of Emir was situated inside the fortress. Today it is within the mu­seum's territory.

Samanid Mausoleum (IX-X) - Family burial-vault of the Bukharian governors, one of the first mo­numents in Uzbekistan built from burn brick and consequently per­fectly kept till our time. Architec­ture of the monument strikes by a simplicity and singularity of the form. The monument is without fur­nishing, but builders using only bricks created unbelievably unique patterns, which look different dur­ing day depending on the light in­tensity.

Complex Poi-Kalyan, inclu­ding a cathedral mosque Kalyan of 14th century and minaret Kalyan of 1227. The facade of the mosque is coated by burnt brick and the domes and arch­es by the superb maintained mosa­ic with geometrical and vegetable designs. Minaret Kalyan is 69m high and today it's the highest buil­ding in Bukhara and in the Islamic world. Each of the ten diametrical lines of minaret has its own geo­metrical pattern, made of the bricks. A magnificent «sky light» completes this minaret.

Chor-minor (1807) - the original structure, a small mosque with four minarets.

Kukeldash Madrassah (XVI), Lyabi-Hause Complex (XVII) - artificial basin is 36x46m and 5m wide, Madrassah and Khanaka Divan-Beigi (XVII). Cult architectural complex of Bahautdin Nakshbandi (XIV-XVII) - created in the burial place of Nakshbandi - a leader of Sufism, a creator of the religious war­rant «Nakshbandi». The complex in­cludes two large mosques, a tomb of Nakshbandi, a sacred well, a mi­naret, a basin, the stump of the an­cient mulberry tree ostensibly plan­ted by Nakshbandi.

Sitora-i-Mohihosa (XIX) -summer country residence of the Emir of Bukhara. In the architec­ture, the influence of European ar­chitectural style is felt. There are the richest of interiors, where fret­work and wood carvings were used as well as alabaster, marble and true masterpieces of the Bukhara crafts­men. The huge garden where ante­lope - gazelle, peacocks and pheas­ants walked about harmoniously completes a unity of an architec­tural ensemble.

The Jeyran sanctuary is sit­uated 40 kilometers from Bukhara near the Karaulbazar village, in the Kizilkum desert. On its huge terri­tory animals are being preserved, such species as jeyran (steppe an­telope), cheetah, horse of Prjevalski, among others. Tourists have the chance to observe rare species of animals in a natural setting.

Other interesting monuments are: Necropolis, Chor-Bakr (XVI), Peace-Arab Mau­soleum and Madressah (XVI), Chashma-Ayub Mausoleum (XII-XVI), Taki-Zargaron trading domes (XV-XVI), Magoki-Attari Mosque (XII-XVI).



To find more about history of Bukhara click here